RECOGNIZING FAKE, USELESS, OR MANUFACTURED NEWS.
1. Some people are incapable of recognizing fake, useless, or manufactured news. Such persons should strike up a social friendship with someone who has the antenna to detect fake, useless, or manufactured news. Some IQs are too low to discern fake, useless, or manufactured news. If you fall into this category, stop reading. You are the type that keep circulating posts claiming that WhatsApp will start charging fees from midnight.
2. If a post, article, or broadcast news item is too titillating, outlandish, unbelievable, or downright spooky, please investigate the news through a google or bing search, or use snoopes.com or hoaxslayer.net to authenticate.
3. There is a male and female voice that circulate nonsensical videos on the Internet with contrived artificial accents. They choose their fake, useless, or manufactured news carefully for the maximal commercial benefit. Avoid them like the plague.
4. Is the preamble factual? For example, a story on Ghana may place Ghana in South Africa. If the preamble of a “viral video” or “viral post” is inaccurate, what else might be wrong. Don’t watch or read further.
5. Your contacts on social media who always forward fake, useless, or manufactured news should be put on the no-read and no-watch list. Their posts should be thrashed on arrival. Time is too precious to be spent on fake, useless, or manufactured news.
6. Another type of fake, useless, or manufactured news is glurge. Glurges are true stories that have been doctored with fabricated materials to teach moral lessons usually with health, financial, behavioral, security, and religious undertones. Their giveaway is the moral teaching which is not left to the reader or viewer to discern but is the highlight of the story.
7. Is the story trending on mainstream media? A story that President Donald Trump is about to nuke North Korea that is only carried by WhatsApps, is fake, useless, or manufactured news.
8. If the video or post comes with a caption of “must read” or “must watch,” exercise caution because no one video or post is indispensable or will change your life forever. Most of them are fake, useless, or manufactured news.
9. Any fake, useless, or manufactured news posted on your fora must be flagged to protect the gullible. Once you establish a reputation as an authenticator, your esteem and usefulness to the group increases.
10. Knowledge is the cure for ignorance. Read factual news and watch factual videos that may be used later in shooting down fake, useless, or manufactured news.
11. If you only read things that espouses your worldview, you are a sitting duck for the purveyors of fake, useless, or manufactured news. Most knowledgeable people can detect fake, useless, or manufactured news without recourse to any research. Research just confirms their suspicions.